Posts Tagged ‘Review’

Book Review on War of Words – Language, Politics and 9-11

December 23, 2009

• Book details:

Author: Sandra Silberstein

Paperback: 197

Publisher: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group

Place of Publication: London

Publication Year: 2002

Language: English

ASIN: B000OT8284

Price: USD $ 22.95

• About the author:

Sandra Silberstein is Professor of English at the University of Washington, Seattle. So far it has on women and language, the choice of reading and technology and focusedResources in teaching reading through most of their books.

• Book Analysis:

The book "War of Words" is 197 pages long, divided into 8 chapters. The introduction to the first part of the book is a comprehensive summary attached an entire book in three pages.

This book can be recommended to all whose interests are in linguistics, even those who are not experts in this matter.

Sandra Silberstein focuses on the creation of nationalTransformations, including changes in American national identity and belief in post-9/11 by illustrating some examples of the situation in the U.S. is a time of crisis point after 9 / 11 events.

the author does not go deeply into the details of the field of linguistics, and to declare they do not, as is evident in linguistics to the many records she has cited can be used to convince, but the sentences and examples of readers to continue his reading,End.

Sandra Silberstein noted in her book "A War of Words: Language, Politics and 9 / 11" to the speeches of George W. Bush in the post-9/11 only because of linguistic analysis, so it is difficult to determine their political tendency, . She tries to focus more on the words created national transformations and the new American identity in post-9/11 when everything happened. As a result, Silberstein focuses on the representation of the terrorist attacks in the speeches of the President, MediaTexts and eyewitness accounts

The most interesting part of the book is in my opinion the coverage, the implementation of many important meanings and messages. For example, a sentence means in Persian about the image of two Afghans, that Iran is a supporter of terrorism.

"It is important to consider the diction of the special atmosphere surrounding the consequences, like Sandra Silberstein, in her book" A War of Words: Language, Politics and 9 / 11 (Routledge, 2002)

The initial rhetoricArea 9 / 11 was comforting to law, allowing Americans to heal. President Bush's reassuring words were Silberstein of the words of President Roosevelt in comparison to lay on Pearl Harbor in 1941. The exercise of trying to create is both a necessity and urgency. For example, Bush said the war on terrorism: "These measures are important. But the only way to defeat, terrorism as a threat to our way of life is to stop it, eliminate it and destroy it where it grows . He was inEffect lasts for a war rally, just as Roosevelt said in 1941: "… I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. I believe I interpret the will of the people … when I say that we do not defend us only to the limit, but will ensure that this form of treachery shall never endanger us again to do. "(Dunkin, journalism after 9 / 11 review)

"This is vital reading today. At a time when hysteria is brewing beneath the surface, is Sandra Silberstein coolanalytical, highly readable – and healthy "
The Guardian, UK

• Summary:

The book's introduction is an imaginary window Silberstein, drawn, by which it shows as an applied linguist, that helped as "words a lot of things happen." (XIII) and also "how language can be used to make national policies …."( xiii)

From the introduction can be interpreted, requires that the writer feels on her shoulder, like a person born in New York to explain about the events thatoccurred on 11 September 2001 not only on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon, but also affected American national identity under attack.

In the first chapter tries Sandra Silberstein, discuss in detail how to build a nation at war. To obtain their goal of a writer in the second chapter focuses on all speeches and statements by President George W. Bush made in the first moments after the terrorist attacks, changed his position as president, "the candidate with theperfect bloodlines [who came] the office under allegations that his presidency was a bastard, sired not by voters but by the courts "(p.40) to an American hero. The writer compares Bush speeches on the statements of President Roosevelt in the history of Pearl Harbor.

In chapter 3, which is the language of the book Silberstein focuses on the testimonies tried, "the role of television in the creation of September 11 stories and the establishment of socialIdentities. "(P. 61) by credit welcoming two linguistic tools:" The methodical analysis of News Discourse by Ron Scollon, the standards of the TV coverage issue, and the oral narrative structure of William Labov, the narratives observed as an eyewitness to the production of news of entertainment. "(He Xuelin, 2003)

She also stressed on skills of journalists in the definition of the events that had unfolded at Ground Zero. For example, in one of the interviews, journalistasked one witness the following questions: "Was there screaming? Was there violence? Was it scary? Are you scared?" Do you have people bleeding? " (P.79-80).

The book, in Chapter 4 also shows that, like New York to convert America (n) and Rudy Giuliani, an "America's Mayor" by exploring the rhetorical reconstruction in American culture in post-9/11.

By Chapter 5, "Selling America" and Chapter 6 "The New McCarthyism", turns the patriotism as aIssue. In the former chapter Silberstein ads analyzed in the context of the ongoing terrorist attacks, revealing that mourn in post-9/11 American people supported the government and showed their patriotism by shopping like the way lost to their fellow countrymen.

In the latter one, the author criticizes the emergence of McCarthyism, which can be exaggerating patriotism post-9/11. According to their opinion was of the ACTA, the "cultural wars" to a new level, transforming a "warthe words "to the" war on words "by the publication of 100 examples of unpleasant voices of American universities.

The next chapter is a comparative study on the ABC documentary, "The Minefield: The United States and the Muslim Word," by Peter Jennings and CNN documentary on Islam by Christiane Amanpour. Although in a former documentary Islam is a global problem, try the latter to the clashes between the two types of cultures to be avoided. "For the vast majority of Muslims, the terroristAttacks on the United States was a violation of the teachings of Islam. "(P. 155)

"Despite the claims of the militants," nothing justifies the Koran, the Islamic holy book, this kind of crime against humanity. … In fact, the Koran forbids suicide. "(P. 155)

And the final chapter, Chapter 8, deals with the new series of rhetorical transformations of the second anniversary, and then follows the march of civil discourse from New York to Baghdad. In this part of the book the authorextends to the war in Iraq and accusations against the U.S. president and former heroes for their mendacity.

Book Review – American Judaism

November 27, 2009

By Jonathan D. Sarna. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004. Xx, 490 pp. $ 35.00, ISBN 0-300-10197-X.)

In "American Judaism: A History, Brandeis University 's renowned historian Jonathan D. Sarna, gives an account of 350 years history of American Jewry in a straight and readable form submitted. With an optimistic view on the history and the future of Judaism in America, Sarna describes the developments in American Jewish faithin God, their religious practices, traditions and religious organizations, and concepts such as the marriage was and is a serious threat to the survival of the Jewish faith in America, with vivid detail. The book has received many awards, among them was awarded the 2004 National Jewish Book Award.

This book is about the history of the Jewish religion in America, it's not about the history of Jews in America. Even if the lives and actions of Jews in America are discussed in somePart of the book but they all serve the goal of telling the story of the Jewish faith in America.

Jonathan Sarna is a professor of American Jewish History at Brandeis University and chairman of the Academic Board of the Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives. He is the author of more than twenty books on American Jewish history and life of his forthcoming book entitled "Illustrated American Judaism," which will be published inOctober 2008. He is also the chief historian of the National Museum of American Jewish History and the 350th Memory of Jewish life in America.

In 1654 occurred when there were more than 20 Jews to New Amsterdam (now New York) The first group of Jewish immigration to North America has, and what ensued was a great migration of Jews to America to Jews is the second largest religious community in the U.S. Christians. According to Sarna Jewish practice in theUnited States has been in the frame work of a clearly defined frame or border, but Judaism in the United States has been constantly been reinvented time and place, has been practiced. This is one of the main reasons why Judaism has been preserved to this day.

According to Sarna, one of the major challenges that faced Jews in America, like the Jewish preserve and defend practices such as observing the Sabbath, synagogue attendance and not forbidden to eat meat. Unlike Jewsin Europe, which saw some discipline and punishment as the key to the maintenance of Jewish law, Jews in America forced after an initial short period of unsuccessful attempts in place respecting the Jewish practices in a very diverse Jewish community chose to maintain Judaism and bring its core values in the center of their concern. This approach is evident, for example, in 1757
New York, when some members of the assembly at the first and punished by the Community under an expulsionNon-observance of Jewish laws, but later forgiven and resumed calling Isaiah's call to open "the gates for a nation that keeps faith" (Isaiah 26:2). This was done to keep the unity among the Jews to assemble and maintain high level of participation in the. Making Jewish laws more "lax" was a means of survival of Judaism in America.

Another important theme of the book is touched, the concept of designation, which meant in eighteen century in America was no particular church, was thedominant church, and all were equal under the law. These movements re-invent influenced Judaism in different ways in the U.S.. While it is important to note that in Judaism, these movements were not as strong as the name that has in Protestantism, and created many different sects. The movements within the Jewish faith in the United States is essential, where Judaism stands today. Sarna has been very successful in describing the roots of these movements andtheir influence on the development of Judaism.

Sarna also believes that the common place was the fear of assimilation and gradual disappearance of Judaism in America, well, as established anti-Semitism, persecution and pressure from the majority Christian population, the minorities to convert to Christianity was a reality in the 17th and 18 Century America. Also, there were times in American history of religious practice had been rejected by the Jews and also a relatively large number of JewsIntermarriage with people of other faiths. In each period, with a pessimistic people would see this as the end of Judaism in America to see, but after each period, there was a revival of faith among the Jews, and even if these violations are evident in the history of Judaism in the United States they are usually accompanied by periods of "Awakening". For this reason, Sarna this whole process as a regenerative cycle that is not destructive. Sarna, has an optimistic and positive viewon the history of Judaism in America and it is clear throughout the book.

Sarna does not see the times of religious decline and mixing with other religious groups, like the first steps of assimilation, and finally as a means of extermination of the Jews in the United States. Sarna, however, not to specify why the Jews receive such circumstances, when other faiths entirely disappeared from the United States. Sarna himself says: "Between 1890 and 1906, fully 13.8Percent of groups in the U.S. Census listed by religious organizations went out of existence from 1912 and 1926 the rate jumped to 15.3 percent "do not explain it but in the book why these religions, Judaism survived and disappeared, although many of these reformed religions and has reinvented itself and also what were the different characteristics of Judaism helped to ensure that it is to survive in 350 years of American history. Another criticism that can be made of Sarna, that he does notexplain the influence of Zionism in the Jewish faith in America, with depth and detail. Sarna himself points out on page 203 of the book: "Proven for years no problem in Jewish life as a difference of Zionism," but there are only a few pages on this subject in the book Sarna. Assign a chapter of the book discuss this critical issue would have made the book a complete history of Judaism in America.

Compared to other books on the subject such as "American Judaism" by NathanGlazer and "Judaism in America" by Marc Lee Raphael, Sarna book is more on the history of Judaism in America instead of concentrating on the true story of Jews in America and in this respect is the title. This is one of the advantages of the book works in general, and Sarna, Sarna focuses on the issue without unnecessary deviation on other topics or issues that are very tempting for many writers. Some writers, such as Harvard Professor Alan M. DershowitzIn his book "The Vanishing American Jew" strongly disagree with Sarna positive attitude towards the development and survival of Judaism in America and believe that unless that Judaism seriously, it revitalizes gradual disappearance in America is doomed.

In conclusion, "American Judaism: A History" by Jonathan D. Sarna is a valuable and relatively balanced work on the development of 350 years of Jewish faith in America. The book describes what the AmericanJews believed, as God, their religious customs, traditions, religious customs, religious organizations, synagogues, and finally, reform movements in the Jewish faith with great detail. Throughout the book, Sarna, a positive view of the history of Judaism in America has seen periods of religious decline as natural events in a larger cycle of religious reinvention and reform. Sarna successfully to a high degree, on this large and important issue in an appropriate size and readableWriting style.