Diabetes – How to prevent it, How You Get It, and how they dealt with

Thanks to modern medicine, many people are living longer and longer, but many Americans suffer from diabetes at an alarming rate. There are many risk factors for diabetes, such as heredity, obesity, sedentary lifestyle and increased consumption of fast food. Diabetes has been used frequently in people in their 60s and 70s, but has quickly became common in younger people in their teens and 20s.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a very common disease caused by insufficient productionthe hormone Insulin by the pancreas. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1, Juvenile Diabetes also known as Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) and Type 2, also known as Non-Insulin Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM). Type 1 is caused by total failure of the pancreas to make adequate levels of insulin to lower blood sugars that may range from 200 to close to 1000. Type 1 is diagnosed in the pediatric and adolescent population and is a life threatening event. The cause of Type 1 remains unknown and is a topic that a lot of research. Without insulin addition, these patients will die of diabetic ketoacidosis or diabetic coma. Fortunately, Type 1 is much less common than Type 2.

Type 2 diabetes is more common, the millions of Americans each year. The pancreas is not finished working to earn her keep only required less insulin than the body to blood sugar normal. Poor diet, physical inactivity and overweight, keep taxes the pancreas with normal insulin production. BloodSugars are constantly raising and lowering, due to the complexity of the pancreas and insulin production. Normal insulin levels range between 60 and 120 in fasting non-diabetic patients. Blood sugar may rise after a meal to a level of over 140 and lowered through the production of insulin in normal patients.

Many of us have normal fasting blood sugar, less than 126 mg / dL, but are still considered pre-diabetes because we do not produce enough insulin for our physical needs.Screening for diabetes includes the measurement of a random, non-fasting blood glucose. If the blood sugar greater than 126mg/dl on two occasions, the diagnosis of diabetes is made. Other patients are diagnosed with a glucose tolerance test. But a relatively new test is the hemoglobin A1C, HgbA1C, now the gold standard for diagnosis of diabetes. A HgbA1C of 6.0 or higher diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. You can ask your healthcare provider, this test next time you are through for the appointmentBlood count.

Many type 2 diabetics be controlled with diet alone. The reduction in the number of calories can insulin levels could be reduced. Sugar are not the only food to increase the insulin. Carbohydrates, such as increasing bread, potatoes, pasta and rice, and bad fats insulin levels. Many diabetics eat at mom and pop diners or fast food to eat. These foods are fat and carbohydrates. A diabetic friendly meal consists of one serving of lean protein, a servingCarbohydrate, and two or more servings of fresh vegetables. Exercise also plays an important role in keeping insulin levels low. Exercise helps move the body to insulin from the bloodstream into muscle, where it can be used as energy.

When diet and exercise alone are sufficient to control sugar, there are many medications by mouth, which may be prescribed by your doctor. Diet and exercise are still important. Medicines can not do everything. But drugs can keep bloodSugar in check. If diabetes is not related to nutrition, exercise and medication by mouth, insulin and other medications administered under the skin controls are added to normal blood sugar. Many type 2 diabetics treated with insulin at the end, because the supply is dwindling with insulin-producing cells in the pancreas after years of overuse. The key lies in the pancreas function as long as possible with diet needed to keep moving, and controlling weight when drugs.

But what is the bigmuch of high blood sugar? Many of my diabetic patients say they feel good, even if their sugar high. I use this analogy when teaching my patients about blood sugar. When blood sugar is too high, it will be too thick as maple syrup is thicker than water alone. This thicker consistency of the blood makes them sluggish and complicated by large and small blood vessels that flow to feed the organs of the body. Long-term high blood sugar can affect the eyes,which lead to blindness. Many dialysis patients are treated because her kidneys were damaged by elevated blood sugar. Sugar enriched blood flows more slowly, the brain and heart leading to an increase in heart attacks and strokes. Blood that is thick with sugar, can not be treated properly on the legs, feet and hands and many poorly controlled diabetes flow to amputations, prevent infection, a large local (fire) and the risk of whole-body infection (sepsis) to.

But diabetesdo not run in my family! Do I fear? Yes, you know. Since blood sugar to rise gradually over time, you can not feel bad. Some symptoms that cause suspicion for diabetes are fatigue, frequent eating, frequent consumption of liquid and frequent urination. Some patients have extremely high blood sugar, may exceed 300 mg / dl, and have a fruity or acetone smelling breath and run the risk of diabetic ketoacidosis and diabetic coma.

So, what can you do to your chances of a reductionDiabetic? Well, you can not change genetics. But even patients with a family history of diabetes can prevent the disease. All patients can significantly reduce the risk of diabetes by improving their diet. Include lean meat, less beef, pork, fish and chicken, less bad fats such as lard and Fatback, and more good fats such as nuts and olive oil in your diet. We all need more fresh fruit and vegetables to eat. Try to eat food in its original condition, less processed. InsteadOrange juice drink, eat an orange. You'll get all the juice and pulp fiber, dass When fresh fruits and vegetables are not available, try frozen, those kinds of doses. Canned fewer nutrients and additives such as salt. Eat less processed foods such as chips, soda, candy and sweets. If you go to the supermarket to concentrate on buying food from the perimeter of the camp, the fresh fruit, vegetables, meat and dairy products. Try to stay away from the center of the storewhere the processed foods are.

Get moving! Exercise reduces the risk of developing diabetes and diabetes control helps you if you have it. You should exercise for at least 30 minutes per day, 4 to 5 times per week. Choose something you enjoy doing. Walking, running, hiking, golf, tennis, garden, surfing, inline skating, snowski, water, play with your grandchildren.

Move closer to your ideal body weight. You have not yet returned to married to the size you were when you.And a few extra pounds will not hurt, as you get older. But you can not afford to be overweight. Calculate your BMI by using the formula of the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute in http://www.nhlbisupport.com/bmi provided. Your healthcare provider can help you calculate your ideal body weight in the office.

You can learn more about diabetes from talking to your doctor. He or she can tell you with brochures or reliable internet sites. And you can see theAmerican Diabetes Association at http://www.diabetes.org.


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